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Understanding the physics behind the correlations of Gamma-ray bursts data

Abstract : GRBs are ashes of gamma-rays coming from cosmos. They are one of the most mysteriousevents we have been able to observe since their discovery. GRBs are classified into two groups: long/soft GRBs and short/hard GRBs. Their emission mechanism consists of two phases: prompt emission and afterglow emission. The launch of the Swift satellite opened a New Era in the GRBs research. Swift is able to provide accurate position for more GRBs than previous missions, thanks to its fast capabilities of slewing. Furthermore, the Swift shows that GRBs have a canonical behaviour for the X-ray afterglow light curves. The data analysis process remains the key point of GRBs studies. I present a detailed study of the peculiar GRB 141221A at different wavelengths. GRB 141221A shows an unusual steep rise in the optical light curve of the afterglow. The broad band spectral energy distribution, taken near the maximum of the optical emission, presents either a thermal component or a behaviourbreak. This burst displays unusual feature in the optical band, whereas the X-ray data is more common. GRB 141221A is one of the challenging bursts that excludes a stellar wind from the progenitor of the GRBs. A clustering in the X-ray afterglow light curves was observed before the launch of the Swift satellite. This feature has been debated after the launch of the Swift. We have built a sample which consists of 254 GRBs that shows a scattering of the data for the flux distribution at one day. This distribution was investigated with a normalization of light curves at redshift one. We have investigated the problem into three different directions
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Onelda Bardho. Understanding the physics behind the correlations of Gamma-ray bursts data. Other. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2016. English. ⟨NNT : 2016NICE4004⟩. ⟨tel-01343308⟩

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