La profession de masseur-kinésithérapeute instituée par la loi n° 46-857 du 30 avril 1946 : genèse et évolutions d’une profession de santé réglementée

Abstract : The physiotherapist profession is officially born on 30 April 1946. From the late 19th century, massage, physiotherapy, gymnastics having entered the field of medicine and the law of 30 November 1892 given doctors a monopoly all care techniques, they will appeal to auxiliary assured they will pre-service training to better control. The War of 1914-1918 "social evil" will ensure the promotion of these empirical methods. The lack of professional masseurs who limited the access to these practices the medical profession will agree to delegate certain auxiliaries. It was not until World War II that a purely authoritarian manner are created medical gymnastics instructor profession and the medical masseur. These texts repealed in 1945, Law No. 46857 of 30 April 1946 designed to regulate the exercise of the medical professions gymnast masseur will create the profession of physiotherapist by giving him the legal monopoly of the massage. Very quickly this monopoly will be challenged and just as quickly the profession will manifest a desire for emancipation in relation to medical supervision. He will have to wait almost a quarter century (1969) to see its main claim result: a third year of study and 60 years for the Council of the Order (2006). The evolution of physiotherapy was, at first, hampered by the hegemonic designs of the medical profession and in a second stage conditional on regulatory harmonization policy allied health professionals conducted by public authorities and by societal choices. Subsequently the evolution of the profession will be affected by the establishment of quotas for access to studies that will encourage a large number of French youth (s) to undertake their studies in countries of the European Union. Subsequently, more and more EU citizens come to work in France. The upheavals on morals appeared in the years 1960-1970, have abolished a number of prohibitions, has upset the mentalities by promoting research of wellbeing. The physiotherapists who discontinued hygienic and aesthetic massage others vindicated. The first were beauticians who eventually win the case (massages to aesthetic purposes) followed by self-appointed wellness massage practitioners that case law has gradually legitimized. The creation of a Professional Order was the source of serious intra professional dissension. In this case, the energy expended was not put on the professional service, but of a certain conception of the latter. The reason has finally prevailed occupation, mainly united, has obtained significant progress symbolized by obtaining a fourth year preceded by a first year of university studies (PACES, STAPS, STC )
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Alain Macron. La profession de masseur-kinésithérapeute instituée par la loi n° 46-857 du 30 avril 1946 : genèse et évolutions d’une profession de santé réglementée. Droit. Université Montpellier, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MONTD050⟩. ⟨tel-01342656⟩



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