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Le réalisme social américain à l'ère postmoderne : (Russell Banks, Raymond Carver, Richard Ford)

Abstract : His study focuses on the works of Russell Banks, Raymond Carver and Richard Ford. They started writing during the 1960s and 1970s, at a time when the self-reflexivity and metafictional play of postmodernist writers were drawing a lot of critical attention in academic circles. However, they consider themselves to be realist writers. In “A Few Words about Minimalism,” John Barth suggested that the return to realist fiction in the mid-1970s could be both a reaction against so-called “postmodernist” fiction and a symptom of the social and economic unease of the period. Indeed, Cathedral, Continental Drift and The Sportswriter describe in accurate detail the everyday lives of ordinary American men and women during Reagan’s presidency. This study demonstrates that these authors are part of the American realist tradition, but that their strand of social realism also takes into account the postmodern context in which they write, by dealing with problems of representation that are typical of the period. Their works both use and challenge the literary conventions associated with the realist tradition, by underlining the artificiality of mimetic illusion at a time when reality itself is seen as a linguistic construct.
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Marine Paquereau. Le réalisme social américain à l'ère postmoderne : (Russell Banks, Raymond Carver, Richard Ford). Littératures. Université de Bourgogne, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015DIJOL017⟩. ⟨tel-01341754⟩

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