Sub-gradient diffusion equations

Abstract : This thesis is devoted to the study of evolution problems where the dynamic is governed by sub-gradient diffusion operator. We are interest in two kind of evolution problems. The first problem is governed by local operator of Leray-Lions type with a bounded domain. In this problem, the operator is maximal monotone and does not satisfied the standard polynomial growth control condition. Typical examples appears in the study of non-Neutonian fluid and also in the description of sub-gradient flows dynamics. To study the problem we handle the equation in the context of nonlinear PDE with singular flux. We use the theory of tangential gradient to characterize the state equation that gives the connection between the flux and the gradient of the solution. In the stationary problem, we have the existence of solution, we also get the equivalence between the initial minimization problem, the dual problem and the PDE. In the evolution one, we provide the existence, uniqueness of solution and the contractions. The second problem is governed by a discrete operator. We study the discrete evolution equation which describe the process of collapsing sandpile. This is a typical example of Self-organized critical phenomena exhibited by a critical slop. We consider the discrete evolution equation where the dynamic is governed by sub-gradient of indicator function of the unit ball. We begin by establish the model, we prove existence and uniqueness of the solution. Then by using dual arguments we study the numerical computation of the solution and we present some numerical simulations.
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Thi Nguyet Nga Ta. Sub-gradient diffusion equations. Optimization and Control [math.OC]. Université de Limoges, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0137⟩. ⟨tel-01341183⟩

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