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De l’imaginaire national à l’ingénierie statistique. Population et État en Europe Centrale (Allemagne, Autriche, Pologne), 1848-1919

Abstract : This research deals with the making of population statistics used in the politics of nationalization and by national movements in Central European during the 19th century. It is focused on the phase of transformation of nationalism, from the emancipation movement of the nationalities in 1848 to mass nationalism in the 20th century. Poland whose territories were shared at the end of the 18th century between the three states − Prussia, Russia and Austria − is taken as an exemplary case study that displays all the dimensions of the issue: the conduct of population censuses by the statistical office, the use of the figures for the implementation of nationalizing campaign, discrimination and expulsion, the reappropriation of these official statistics by the national polish activists, and at least the use of this voluminous documentation by the diplomatic experts at the Peace Conference in 1919 to trace the borders of the new states. This study intends to give a contribution to the history of nationalism through the statistics but it problematizes also the evidence of numbers in the national claims and politics. It questions therefore the historical conditions that made possible the numbering of nationality and investigates the political configurations that were crucial for the Polish question.
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Contributor : Morgane Labbe <>
Submitted on : Thursday, July 7, 2016 - 9:50:26 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2016 - 3:40:33 PM
Document(s) archivé(s) le : Tuesday, November 8, 2016 - 9:55:10 PM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01339853, version 1

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Morgane Labbe. De l’imaginaire national à l’ingénierie statistique. Population et État en Europe Centrale (Allemagne, Autriche, Pologne), 1848-1919 . Histoire. Université Paris-1, 2015. ⟨tel-01339853⟩

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