Savoir en réseau. Introduction de ressources numériques et interactives. Des usages imaginés aux usages observés dans les classes. Quelle transformation des métiers d’enseignants et d’élèves ?

Abstract : This research attempts to build an intelligibility of knowledge empowerment in the newconfiguration of a web class. It crosses the web-user’s expecting and what is really “going on” in an approach "applied associationist" at the heart of the class while a pilot-teacher evolved a device to enable it to overcome its own professional dilemmas. It took place during the academic year 2009-2013. The analysis was used to validate the research hypotheses and to identify ways to implement dynamic learning benefits. It retools with 1) a systemic analysis of teaching relationship while it is extended to actors of a new type, the web applies: 2) a systems approach to mental activity of students reveals vicarious interactional phenomena in the teaching / learning, 3) a consideration of field observations and requests for players to change how observation of classroom interactions as the technological tools to optimize the phenomena of self-learning. This study confirms the common assumption that web-classes permit an attractive learning activity. Field study shows that teachers reach with web-classes an ethical stance of authority affilated to pedagocical spirit. Flichy talks about « an authentical speech adress to another person», « words of seeking and not strong and savant words to person » (FLICHY, 1995 pp.77, 82). Classroom turns on a landmark in that self-directed learning is authorized and mind are prepared to led them to the most arbitrary and fortunate of encounters. Social networks on the Internet allow teachers to cooperate and share their own teaching material and pedagogical methods. It should contribute to the emergence of an open design teaching thrown to the wind.
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Sandrine Goislard de Monsabert. Savoir en réseau. Introduction de ressources numériques et interactives. Des usages imaginés aux usages observés dans les classes. Quelle transformation des métiers d’enseignants et d’élèves ?. Education. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC0004⟩. ⟨tel-01336529⟩

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