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Etude diachronique (XIIIe - XVe siècles) de la concordance des temps en espagnol médiéval. Approche explicative

Abstract : This thesis provides an explicative case study method to explore the "sequence of tenses" in Old Spanish thanks to the theory of moods developed by Gilles Luquet.We first examined the contributions of grammars and linguists on this syntactic phenomenon. Nevertheless, the ongoing controversy on the existence of a rule – the 2007 "new rule" proposed by Jerzy Kowal –, its contradictions and weaknesses ("violations") are all factors that make it essential to rethink the criteria that determine verbal forms. The collected data, drawn from linguistic databases, were classified according to the traditional terminology of embedded clauses : substantive, adjective and adverbial clauses. We attempted to determine the factors underlying the alternation, the emergence or disappearance of certain verbal forms. Variations – diachronic, diaphasic, diastratic and diatopic variations – were also analyzed. Statistics were used to fix the magnitude of the patterns and to guarantee the reliability of the observed evolutions.This study reveals that the medieval speaker wasn't more governed by a ''sequence of tenses'' based on mechanical congruence than the actual speaker. On the contrary, the speaker himself was able to (in)actualize parts of his speech in function of specific communicative purpose.
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Caroline Pasquer. Etude diachronique (XIIIe - XVe siècles) de la concordance des temps en espagnol médiéval. Approche explicative. Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA030142⟩. ⟨tel-01335046⟩

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