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Theses

Le vague - De l’usage évaluatif d’un terme en français et en allemand à la reconstruction d’un concept

Abstract : The aim of this research is to outline the concept of VAGUENESS in ordinary discourse by analyzing the uses of the adjectives vague in French and vage in German employed by speakers encountering an expression or an utterance they judge vague. The data consist of newspaper articles containing value judgments like “c’est vague” (it’s vague), “réponse vague” (vague answer), “expression vague” (vague expression), etc. By means of a qualitative and inductive method, this study acknowledges a special interest in ordinary speakers’ metalinguistic evaluative statements and attempts to determine the different meanings and functions attached to those evaluating terms. It will be shown that the use of the words vague/vage may point out a lack of information, a high degree of abstractness or a problem of multi-referentiality of the expression being judged; it is also possible to make assumptions about the pragmatic functions those judgments are fulfilling, such as, for instance, disqualifying one’s opponent, a common strategy in political debate situations. Inspired by Folk Linguistic studies, this thesis distinguishes itself from logical- and philosophical approaches as well as from the methodology of some pragmatic researches about vagueness and, in so doing, endeavors to contribute to a larger definition of the concept.
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Pascale Brunner. Le vague - De l’usage évaluatif d’un terme en français et en allemand à la reconstruction d’un concept. Linguistique. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030114⟩. ⟨tel-01334835⟩

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