Le fait divers criminel dans la presse quotidienne française du XIXe siècle : enjeux stylistiques et littéraires d’un exemple de circulation des discours

Abstract : This work focuses on a corpus of 492 crime news items released in Parisian dailies between 1836 and 1881 and aims at showing how this specific journalistic discourse quotesother forms of discourse (particularly professional ones). The stylistic approach chosen, using discourse analysis tools, underlines the way those technolects circulate in crime news items and shows they are not so much explicit quotes as borrowings from interdiscourses often made up of clichés and ready-made, set phrases. This freezing of the crime news item is what stands out here: a narrative, syntactic and lexical freezing, stemming sometimes straight from the discourses from which it borrows. Both the crime news items and the discourses borrowedtend to fictionalize or even invent a drama.The work focuses on the quote within the journalistic space, so as to highlight how the crime news item writers make someone else’s article their own and studies the writers’ posture (as an over or an under-enunciator) regarding the original text. This same posture is also questioned in relation to both medical and police interdiscourses, which are the two privileged sources of information for crime news items. In the same time, the analysis refers to contemporary novels, whether serials or realist and naturalist works, before focusing on their relationships to crime news items. The aim is thus to show how the crime news item is a multiple-voice discourse which also circulates in the literature of that time.
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Laetitia Gonon. Le fait divers criminel dans la presse quotidienne française du XIXe siècle : enjeux stylistiques et littéraires d’un exemple de circulation des discours. Sciences de l'information et de la communication. Université de la Sorbonne nouvelle - Paris III, 2011. Français. ⟨NNT : 2011PA030113⟩. ⟨tel-01334833⟩

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