Construction participative de l'information géographique pour le développement local au Sahel : Propositions méthodologiques dans une commune rurale du Nord du Mali

Abstract : When decentralization came to the Sahel in the 90s, and with the experienced gained after repeated droughts impacting their countries, information systems for planning development actions were implemented at various levels. But, according to the communities, these tools implemented at the local level for land planning, both for data collection and using the information system thus obtained, fell short of expectations and remain in the exclusive hands of decision-makers and technicians.Yet, when the expertise of the people is taken into account, including geographic information,data collecting is made easier and can help build tools tailored to the participation and negotiation between the various operators and program economic projects, which requires an approach based on the analysis and participative management of geographical management based on the expertise of these peoples.This thesis aims to be a support for local operators in the Sahel region when implementinglocal development plans and empower them by allowing a larger say in the decision making process. The aim is to contribute to a sound natural resources management by the development of management plans in the various areas, through a participative management of local geographical information and by mobilizing local expertise and knowhow.The question is how to define local development plans with the Sahel peoples, each with its own socio-economic specificity (pastoralists, agro-pastoralists, farmers, public figures, state officials ...) and to integrate their expertise, including their spatial expertise, in the developments of planning tools for economic development programmes.The results of the Southern Mali experience was an opportunity to take stock of the progress in the decentralization process, of the difficulties in having local peoples participate in decision making, of local development approaches and the vast expertise of the communities. These results offer prospects for the local development of specific communities in the Sahel, giving them planning tools based on a well-balanced participative management of local geographic expertise.
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Ousmane Ag Dalla. Construction participative de l'information géographique pour le développement local au Sahel : Propositions méthodologiques dans une commune rurale du Nord du Mali. Géographie. Université Jean Monnet - Saint-Etienne, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015STET2205⟩. ⟨tel-01334228⟩

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