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Boro jolo ! « Va en avant !» . Ethnologie des migrations Afghanes en Iran et en Europe

Abstract : This research deals with pluripolar and plurisequential migration patterns of Afghans in Iran and Europe. Young people come illegally in Europe by land and sea. Most of migrants either used to spend significant periods in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, with their relatives or as seasonal workers. In the regional context, a long established transnational community between Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran, makes easier the mobility or settlement of newcomers. In the European context, young people migrate in a succession of transnational movements, making long breaks in major European capitals (Athens, Roma, Paris) along their route. Breaks are privileged spaces where the migrants extend their social networks and build new one. During their journeys in Europe, young migrants maintain long-distance relationships with their families left behind in Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iran. Mobility of Afghans is related to practices of travel and pilgrimage. The experience of the route modifies status, role and function of the one who emigrate. This research highlights the transformation of kin and gender relationships in the transnational afghan society, as much as social changes initiated by the migrants.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01334190, version 1

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Azita Bathaïe. Boro jolo ! « Va en avant !» . Ethnologie des migrations Afghanes en Iran et en Europe. Anthropologie sociale et ethnologie. Univerisité Paris X Nanterre, 2012. Français. ⟨NNT : 2012PA100137⟩. ⟨tel-01334190⟩

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