Développement et mise en oeuvre de LiDAR embarqués sur bouées dérivantes pour l'étude des propriétés des aérosols et des nuages en Arctique et des forçages radiatifs induits

Abstract : To improve our knowledge of the processes and interactions which occur in Arctic between atmosphere, sea ice and ocean, an EQUIPEX funding was granted to the IAOOS project. This improvement will be reached by deploying a network of multi-instrumented buoys. For the atmospheric analyses an innovative backscattering LiDAR meeting with constraints of the project and arctic environment has been developed. An analytical model of signal to noise ratio in clear sky led to the instrumental key parameters, and numerical simulations helped in improving the system performances. An evolutive prototype has been realized within the tight planning of this EQUIPEX. The first whole equiped buoy was deployed close to the north pole in April 2014 and worked until the beginning of December 2014. A second deployment of two buoys, including a polarized version, was then realized within the N-ICE campaign from January to June 2015. These first campaigns gave first statistics of aerosols and clouds distribution in the central arctic region with an autonomous LiDAR. First results show frequent aerosols layers in mid-troposphere during spring, as well as a high occurence of very low clouds. LiDAR measurements were also used to estimate downwelling longwave and shortwave at surface. Results obtained from these first deployments and comparisons with analysis and outputs from the WRF model show a first overview of what can be expected from this network of multi-instrumented buoys in the central arctic region.
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Vincent Mariage. Développement et mise en oeuvre de LiDAR embarqués sur bouées dérivantes pour l'étude des propriétés des aérosols et des nuages en Arctique et des forçages radiatifs induits. Physique Atmosphérique et Océanique [physics.ao-ph]. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066580⟩. ⟨tel-01334040⟩

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