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Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ros) in the regulation of antioxidant capacity and proline metabolism in Arabidopsis Thaliana under water stress

Abstract : Characterization of salt stress response in A. thaliana p5cs1-4 mutant defective in proline biosynthesis showed that no significant difference was observed in the leaf water status and Na+/K+ ratio between salt-treated WT and p5cs1-4 seedlings, suggesting that the salt hypersensitivity of the mutant was not due to the disruption of water uptake or Na+/K+ homeostasis. Foliar application of proline under salt stress increased the antioxidant activity in the p5cs1-4 mutant and restored its photosynthetic activity. The analysis of the relationship between the early production of H2O2 by the NADPH oxidase and the antioxidant defense in A. thaliana subjected to salinity showed that short-term salt exposure led to a transient and significant increase of H2O2 concentration, followed by a marked increase in Catalase, Ascorbate peroxidase and Glutathion reductase activities, pre-treatment with either dimethylthiourea, a chemical trap for H2O2, or two NADPH oxidase inhibitors such as imidazol and diphenylene iodonium, significantly decreased the above-mentioned enzyme activities under salinity. atrbohd/f double mutant plants failed to induce the antioxidant response under the culture conditions. The better performance of the WT was related to the plant ability to deal with the salt-induced oxidative stress as compared to atrbohd/f. In addition NaCl or mannitol stress resulted in a transient increase in H2O2 content followed by an accumulation of proline upon stress. In contrast DMTU and DPI were found to significantly inhibit proline accumulation. Expression level of the key enzyme involved in the biosynthesis of proline was observed to be diminished by DPI and in atrboh mutants.
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Kilani Ben Rejeb. Involvement of reactive oxygen species (ros) in the regulation of antioxidant capacity and proline metabolism in Arabidopsis Thaliana under water stress. Vegetal Biology. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI; Université de Tunis El-Manar. Faculté des Sciences de Tunis (Tunisie), 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066307⟩. ⟨tel-01330737⟩

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