Manipulation of the hydrogen pool available in the rumen to reduce methane emissions from ruminants

Abstract : Reduction of methane (CH 4) emissions from ruminants may limit the negative environmental impacts of their breeding and may improve their digestive efficiency. In the rumen, CH 4 is mainly produced by methanogens from hydrogen (H 2). Hydrogen availability for these micro-organisms is reduced by limiting its production by protozoa (via lipids or plants extracts supplementation in diets) or by stimulating pathways competing with methanogenesis for H 2 consumption (via nitrate supplementation in diets). No study tested association of dietary strategies acting on both H 2 production and consumption to reduce CH 4 emissions. Our objective was to understand the importance of the different H 2 metabolic pathways in the rumen. We assumed that simultaneous manipulation of H 2 production and consumption reduces CH 4 emissions to a higher extent than acting on a single pathway. Our experimental results showed the additive CH 4 -mitigating effect of the association lipids from linseed-nitrate supplemented to bovine. This effect was persistent but not beneficial for digestive and lactating performances of animals. The association tea saponin-nitrate was not efficient to reduce CH 4 emissions, as the depressive effect of saponin towards protozoa has not been observed. This PhD thesis opens the possibility to study the anti-methanogenic potential of new association of dietary strategies having different mechanisms of action in the rumen. Conditions of use of these strategies at the breeding scale will have to be delineated, and their cost effectiveness proved to be accepted by farmers.
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Jessie Guyader. Manipulation of the hydrogen pool available in the rumen to reduce methane emissions from ruminants. Agricultural sciences. Université Blaise Pascal - Clermont-Ferrand II, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015CLF22543⟩. ⟨tel-01325219⟩

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