La glose à thème lexical en situation littéraire au cycle trois de l'école primaire française : entre épisodes métadiscursifs d'élucidation du sens et figures de l'ajout, un noeud de l'intervention didactique, un enjeu pour la formation d'enseignant

Abstract : This research joins in the field of French language didactics, in the area of contact between teaching of the language and teaching of literature in the third “cycle” of the French primary school.It covers the gloss around lexical items of the text to be read (the metalexical " episodes ") and the exchanges around the words the pupils use for their own comments (the " words of the reception ").What do they do exactly when they speak about the words of a text or what are the words they use to speak about a text? What link do they make with the prescription regarding teaching of the lexicon on one hand, and regarding teaching of the literary reading on the other hand? The method of analysis of the data is comparative. It concerns three 5th classes of primary school, two experimented teachers and a teacher starting their career, around two albums of youth literature: La petite fille du livre (Nadja) and Zappe la guerre (Pef).We led a qualitative study based on the transcriptions of the exchanges filmed in the classes, as well as on the transcriptions of interviews and plans of self-confrontation (borrowed from the study of ergonomics and ergology).This work focuses on the metadiscourse in its wider sense, studied by Andrée Borillo (1985) who includes the linguistic conducts of comment, definition, explanation, concerning the code or the facts of discourse.We first based our subject on the linguistic plan and we analysed what makes it specific - the diversity of the conducts and the linguistic processes. We then tried to seize its peculiarity within the framework of a literary reading activity.From reference works in lexicology and in literature didactics, we built a model distinguishing several categories of gloss (the glosses on meaning, the glosses on sense, the glosses on realia and generic glosses).We put all these glosses in three paradigms: a semantic paradigm, a generic paradigm and a personal paradigm.We were able to show, among other factors, that the work on the lexical field of literature cannot be reduced to its definition, the main category presumed by teachers, as it leads to many other conducts.We also showed that this work plays a role in the activity of symbolization that is expected from the subject reader in literary context. However, the analysis of the act of teaching shows the complexity of the piloting of these interactions around the lexicon and the necessity of training the teachers regarding lexicon teaching in a literary context.
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Stéphanie Genre. La glose à thème lexical en situation littéraire au cycle trois de l'école primaire française : entre épisodes métadiscursifs d'élucidation du sens et figures de l'ajout, un noeud de l'intervention didactique, un enjeu pour la formation d'enseignant. Linguistique. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MON30056⟩. ⟨tel-01320127⟩

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