Le néocriticisme d'Henri Bois

Abstract : The neocriticism of Henri Bois is part of the French Neocriticism, founded by Charles Renouvier and François Pillon, whose stated purpose was to provide a philosophy and a moral to the French Republic. Protestantism was for them an alternative religion to Catholicism, as well as it was Kant's religion. Bois thinks this criticist legacy can provide the foundations of a theological renewal of French Protestantism. The Bois' neocriticism is characterized essentially by two points: a conception of time redefined as a category of reason as a form of mind or spirit and not as a spatial form of sensibility; an insistence on the centrality of moral conscience and of belief in the theory of knowledge. The highets Being is not defined by his act or his doing, but by his relationships to other beings. In theology, the God that the believer encounters in religious experience is anthropomorphic, included in the limits of the knowable; he is not the deus absconditus of the pantheism and the agnosticism. The determination of the undetermined proceeds to the psychology and not to the theory of knowledge, and all the phenomena are already determined as objects. The neocriticism logically leads to the "psychology of religion". According to Bois, it is expressed by the importance given to the temporality of God and to the historicity of his action, including the critical dimension of history applied to Christ, who is the center of the faith, but also by the fundamental role of language, taking the form of beliefs, in any religious experience and spirituality.
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Herimino Paoly Randriamanantena. Le néocriticisme d'Henri Bois. Religions. Université Paul Valéry - Montpellier III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MON30061⟩. ⟨tel-01320097⟩

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