Le rap comme activité (s) sociale (s) : dynamiques discursives et genre à Montréal (approche sociolinguistique)

Abstract : This research offers a socio-discursive insight on the Montréal rap scene, by looking into the practices, representations, experiences and trajectories of female rappers in Montréal, through the prism of gender. Grounded in the field of sociolinguistics – and even more so in urban sociolinguistics for the originality of its questionings – and anchored to the theoretical and epistemological frameworks that envisage gender as a coproduced social relation (“rapport social”) and subjectivities as permeated by social relations, but never completely determined by them, this study is based on a fieldwork among female Montréal rappers, which took place in 2011. Based on a discursive corpus, interpreted using both discourse analysis and thematic analysis, it engages an interpretation of the phenomena and of the processes as territorialized. The practices, experiences and representations of the female rappers will be analyzed in a context marked by their scarcity. Beside the actualization of gender relations and formation processes, I find that the sociolinguistic features of Montréal’s social space, and what is referred to as “québéquicity”, also impact the practices and the experiences of the rappers. Thus, the rappers compose their practices and their trajectories while being constantly positioned in a unique, dynamic, and bound to be ambivalent place inside the “matrix of domination”, shaped by the interweaving of gender, language, perspectives on rap music, and the heritage of an ideology of the French-Canadian “francophonie”, that notably actualizes the contemporary concept of “québéquicity”.
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Claire Lesacher. Le rap comme activité (s) sociale (s) : dynamiques discursives et genre à Montréal (approche sociolinguistique). Linguistique. Université Rennes 2, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015REN20030⟩. ⟨tel-01319018⟩

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