Sarah Bernhardt vue du Brésil (1886- 1905)

Abstract : This work proposes an analysis of the french actress Sarah Bernhardt's (1844-1923) three tours in Brazil, precisely in the cities of Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo in 1886, 1893, 1905. Taking the thoughts about the flow of artists and the cultural globalization of the 19th century as a background, the present study considers Sarah Bernhardt tours as a precious example of the French theater diffusion process and of the internalization of audiences. In what regards Brazil, it is noticeable that the referred period, marked by a strong foreign artistic presence, is also the moment in which the country’s literate elite reflected about a project of a nation and about the construction of a national dramatic art. The focus of this thesis is, therefore, to locate Sarah Bernhardt’s tours in this panorama. More than a study about French “theatrical influence” in Brazil, our main goal is to ponder about the construction of the Brazilian artistic practice in a context of a broader process of cultural globalization in the 19th century, in which theater played a fundamental role. In what concerns Sarah Bernhardt specifically, this thesis intends to demonstrate the actress’s relevance in this phenomenon. Sarah was a great media star and, at the same time, associated to the french theater erudite repertoire. It attempts, therefore, to understand in what way this “repertory theater” is internationally broadcasted, also impregnating itself with commercial strategies common to the period’s theater industry. In that sense, the construction of the actress’s image abroad, specially in Brazil, is questioned. Also, what part of the cultural “market” Sarah Bernhardt and her managers tried to dominate is evaluated. In other words, how did the actress became Sarah Barnum, with a flair of ambassador of the génie français ?
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Monize Oliveira Moura. Sarah Bernhardt vue du Brésil (1886- 1905). Histoire. Université Paris-Saclay; Universidade Federal do Estado do Rio de Janeiro (Brésil), 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLV006⟩. ⟨tel-01317484⟩

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