Caractérisation du rôle des protéines phosphatases impliquées dans la déphosphorylation de la protéine kinase Greatwall lors de la sortie de mitose

Abstract : The establishment of mitosis requires phosphorylaton of several substrates induced by kinases. Cdk1-cyclin B and Greatwall kinases are both necessary for the entry into mitosis. Cdk1-cyclin B complex phosphorylates many substrates and at the same time Greatwall phosphorylates Arpp19 which binds PP2AB55 phosphatase and inhibits it. PP2AB55 has an important role in the dephosphorylation of Cdk1-cyclin B mitotic substrates.In my laboratory, we found that after Greatwall depletion, either in Xenopus egg extracts or in human cells, PP2A is no longer inhibited and cells exit mitosis. Since activation of Greatwall requires its phosphorylation in the c-terminal part and in the T-loop site, we suppose that mitosis exit require dephosphorylation of Greatwall. So these dephosphorylations could be involved for Greatwall inactivation. Several phosphatases are candidates for this process: Fcp1, PP1, PP2A and Calcineurin. My project proposes to determine the involvement of these four phosphatases in Xenopus egg extracts after depletion and overexpression of these four proteins.
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Sheng Ma. Caractérisation du rôle des protéines phosphatases impliquées dans la déphosphorylation de la protéine kinase Greatwall lors de la sortie de mitose. Biologie cellulaire. Université Montpellier, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015MONTS007⟩. ⟨tel-01315940⟩

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