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Colonnes monolithiques multimodales photofonctionnalisées dédiées aux techniques séparatives miniaturisées

Abstract : Miniaturization of analytical processes is a general trend in analytical chemistry. Such trend is driven by the development of new experimental approaches based, for example, on hyphenated analytical steps or techniques. The in-line coupling of different and generally orthogonal/complementary separation mechanisms at the microscale, is dependent on the capability to define functional segments (open column segments and/or filled with stationary phase). Preparation of such "multimodal" capillary columns is based on (1) the in-capillary synthesis of a "generic" porous silica monolith and (2) on its localized chemical surface modification to define specific functional segments. Herein, two innovative photo-functionalization processes have been investigated for the preparation of multimodal miniaturized columns. The former, called photopolymerization is based on acrylate free radical polymerization reactions while the latter, called photografting, implements the thiol-ene "photoclick chemistry" reaction. These photo-initiated processes, after optimization, prove to be rapid (within few minutes), versatile (adapted to the grafting of various monomers) and localizable. Photopolymerization of acrylate monomers on activated silica monolith (using ?-methacryloxypropyltrimethoxysilane) gives rise to highly retentive columns due to the polymeric nature of the layer obtained. Photografting of octadecanethiol on vinylized silica columns leads to monolayer-like coating. The preparation of dedicated multimodal columns using such approaches was then successfully applied to the in-line preconcentration / separation of neuropeptides and preconcentration / fractionation of various neutral and charged compounds. The "click chemistry" approach which allows a better control of the reaction, has been extended to the grafting of biomolecules for the preparation of immunoaffinity supports. Thus, a multimodal column composed a 1-cm length aptamer-functionalized monolith at the entrance of a CZE open capillary has been prepared and successfully applied to the in-line preconcentration/electrokinetic separation of Ochratoxin A in white wine and beer
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Audrey Maréchal. Colonnes monolithiques multimodales photofonctionnalisées dédiées aux techniques séparatives miniaturisées. Chimie analytique. Université Claude Bernard - Lyon I, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LYO10308⟩. ⟨tel-01315548⟩

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