Etudes structurales par RMN des profils Saccharidiques d'Héparanes sulfates et de leur régulation cellulaire : Mise en place d'un protocole de marquage, de purification et d'analyse de chaines entières

Abstract : Glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) belong to a linear polysaccharide family which are found within all tissues, at the extracellular matrix and cell surfaces levels. Heparan Sulfates (HS) are one of the major members of this family, they are bound to a core protein to form altogether the so-called proteoglycan (PG). Depending on the localization and on the core protein, the HS – composed of a N-acetylglucosamine (GlcNAc) and a glucuronic acid (GlcA) [-4GlcAβ1-4GlcNAcα1-] building block – undergo various modifications. Indeed, HS can be sulfated at different positions on both monosaccharide and the GlcA can be epimerized into an iduronic acid (IdoA). The fine structures of the polysaccharide will be able to interact with a large range of proteins and play a plethora of roles such as in inflammation processes, cell proliferation, angiogenesis, immune responses, viral attachment…The HS structural studies, due to the flexibility and heterogeneity of the polysaccharide, have so far been restricted to HS fragments able to bind proteins. The depolymerization techniques induce valuable information losses such as epimerization.In this work, we have successfully developed a nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR)-based approach to study HS features from 13C metabolically enriched cells. For this, an effective protocol to label and purify HS has been set up. By integrating peaks' volumes at well-resolved 1H-13C chemical shifts by NMR, the sulfation, epimerization and disaccharide profile can be determined from full-length HS. This method has been used to study HS from various cell types and is of important interest to better understand changes in HS structures that occur through physiologic and pathologic events.The results obtained open the way to analyze HS directly at the cell surface via solid state NMR techniques. In this context, these studies are a major challenge to decipher the different roles of HS and their ability to interact with so many partners in vivo.
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Mathieu Pegeot. Etudes structurales par RMN des profils Saccharidiques d'Héparanes sulfates et de leur régulation cellulaire : Mise en place d'un protocole de marquage, de purification et d'analyse de chaines entières. Biologie structurale [q-bio.BM]. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENV056⟩. ⟨tel-01315172⟩

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