Espaces forestiers et sociétés en Avesnois (XIVe - début du XVIIIe siècle) : étude du paysage

Abstract : The forest is not a space natural as we thought of it for a long time. By using all the services which offers him the forest, the man influences the dynamics of the forest spaces. Our objective is to analyse, in the long time, the relations between landscapes and societies, to reveal the weight of the silvicultural inheritances in the contemporary sylvo-systems, to identify the breaks and the continuities of the landscape which marked out the forest history of the Avesnois, to end what we know today. This research was led within the framework of a Cifre contract participating in the Plan Forest Regional – the objectif of which is to double the surface afforested on the whole territory- and in the Regional Plan of Ecological Coherence Green and blue Wefts. This Cifre contract in Human sciences and more particularly in History being rare, it was necessary to build an approach in the crossroads of the fundamental approach and the applied approach. Because not only it was a question of analyzing the modalities of the human actions and their impacts on the forest spaces but it was more particularly necessary to answer a demand of the actors of the current forest world, conditioning certain scientific problems. The main part in the understanding of the interactions between the man and its environnement, the crossing of the spatiotemporal scales establishes the heart of this research. The taking into consideration of the importance of the crossings of the scales of analyse, implying a crossing of sources of varied nature, led to a reflection on tools and methods to use to answer the initial questionings. While composing with the limits of the sources which he studies, the historian offers a backward movement on the spatiotemporal processes which made the forest landscape of today. This distance is necessary to bring to a successful conclusion the current environmental policies : to protect a landscape, its biodiversity, it is inevitable to resort to the past.
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Marie Delcourte Debarre. Espaces forestiers et sociétés en Avesnois (XIVe - début du XVIIIe siècle) : étude du paysage. Histoire. Université de Valenciennes et du Hainaut-Cambresis, 2016. Français. ⟨NNT : 2016VALE0002⟩. ⟨tel-01311021⟩

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