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Une critique aš‘arite post-rušdienne de la cosmologie d’Avicenne : traduction et commentaire de la Quintessence des Intellects d’Abū al-Haǧǧāǧ al-Miklātī (m.1229)

Abstract : This PhD thesis is composed of a commentary and a full translation of a polemic work entitled The Quintessence of the intellects in response to philosophers on the science of principles (Lubāb al-‘uqūl fī al-radd ‘alā al-falāsifa fī ‘ilm al-uṣūl). The author, Abū al-Ḥaǧǧāǧ al-Miklātī, is an Aš‘arite theologian of the second half of the XIIth century, first third of the XIIIth, who evolved between present-day Morocco and Muslim Andalusia. He lives at a key point in the history of the Andalusian thought: that of the condemnation of philosophy in general and Averroes’ philosophy in particular. Through the various uses he makes of Averroes’ works, al-Miklātī is a rare witness of both the reception of the former by his own co-religionists and of the kind of theologians whom he must have been confronting. However, the main target of al-Miklātī’s refutation is not Averroes but Avicenna, who is at the time the incarnation of falsafa. In this sense, al-Miklātī is a true heir of post-Avicennian Aš‘arism and the influence of al-Ğuwaynī, al-Ġazālī and al-Šahrastānī is undeniable. To accomplish his refutation, he does not hesitate to use Averroes, another great critique – though for opposite reasons – of the Persian philosopher. He quotes the presentation of the Avicennian system he finds in Averroes’ treatise On the First Mover, which is lost today, thus offering us two crucial passages for the understanding of the controversy that opposed Averroes to Avicenna on the proof of God’s existence.
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Yamina Adouhane. Une critique aš‘arite post-rušdienne de la cosmologie d’Avicenne : traduction et commentaire de la Quintessence des Intellects d’Abū al-Haǧǧāǧ al-Miklātī (m.1229). Philosophie. Ecole normale supérieure - ENS PARIS, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ENSU0048⟩. ⟨tel-01308721⟩

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