Fréquentation et usages littoraux dans la Réserve Naturelle Marine de La Réunion : Élaboration d'un suivi pour l'analyse des dynamiques spatio-temporelles et apports de l'outil à la gestion et la recherche interdisciplinaire

Abstract : Coral reefs are amongst the richest and more emblematic ecosystems of the world. These hotspots of biodiversity provide many services to Human societies, bringing leisure and economic added values. In many areas, especially developing countries, these ecosystems are submitted to both climate change (rise of sea temperature and level, acidification) and human coastal pressures (urbanisation, resources exploitation). In this context, an increasing number of Marine Protected Areas is settled on coral reefs environments in order to ensure their conservation and to mitigate local pressures. Hence, one of MPAs Managers' missions is to bring ecological and social data together to build integrated indicators of effectiveness. In Reunion Island, a MPA called the Marine reserve of La Réunion was settled in 2007 along a densely urbanised and populated fringing reef coast. In order to better evaluate its MPA effectiveness, the manager requires the integration of social stakes to the management plan. A uses monitoring protocol was developed in this purpose using an ultra light aircraft and a camera. Data on 15 different recreational and non-recreational uses were acquired between 2010 and 2013, flying 48 times a year, and entered into a Geographic Information System. A huge resulting database allowed the building of an initial knowledge of the spatio-temporal distribution of uses within the Reserve. It also enabled the analysis of the uses' evolution regarding various factors of variations (amenities, facilities, shark attacks, tourism, etc.). Finally, we assessed the contribution to management efficiency using social indicators (governance, pressure indicators), and to interdisciplinary research in bringing ecologic and uses data together. This thesis brings a brand new information about coastal human activity and spatio-temporal dynamics of direct pressures on reef. This tool, designed to be reproducible and cost-optimized, enables the production of a set of indicators. Its integration to the management plan exclusively depends on the strategic choices of the manager.
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Contributor : Anne Lemahieu <>
Submitted on : Thursday, April 28, 2016 - 12:01:54 PM
Last modification on : Monday, September 16, 2019 - 1:24:53 PM
Long-term archiving on : Friday, July 29, 2016 - 10:43:55 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-01308703, version 1

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Anne Lemahieu. Fréquentation et usages littoraux dans la Réserve Naturelle Marine de La Réunion : Élaboration d'un suivi pour l'analyse des dynamiques spatio-temporelles et apports de l'outil à la gestion et la recherche interdisciplinaire . Environnement et Société. Université Paris1 Panthéon Sorbonne, 2015. Français. ⟨tel-01308703⟩

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