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Pour une typologie du sublime dans La Comédie humaine d'Honoré de Balzac

Abstract : When Edmund Burke and Kant deliberate on the aesthetic of the sublime in the late 18th century, they identified concepts such as the infinity and the “astonishment“ as the beginnings of this aesthetic, linked to an instinct of self-preservation. They identify how the origins of the sublime take form around the violence of an emotion, a landscape or a situation: blood, murders, great but terrifying landscapes are all considered a reason for the communication of this aesthetic. Conversely, in Balzac’s work, the sublime is more complex, showing multiple forms all different from one another; the sublime no longer appears only through the somber lens, characteristic of the Romantic Period. This study suggest reconsidering the sublime as plural. The main objective being the establishment of a typology of Balzac’s novels in order to identify the genius of a man who innovated and differentiated himself from other 19th century writers. The beauty, the good, the exemplary, alongside the out-performance of oneself and more, are all categories which appear in this study and allow a now reading of La Comédie humaine.
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Jean-Philippe Simard. Pour une typologie du sublime dans La Comédie humaine d'Honoré de Balzac. Linguistique. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30054⟩. ⟨tel-01308659⟩

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