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Apprentissage coopératif et formation des médecins : entre le “formel” et “l’informel”. Expérimentation de trois dispositifs pédagogiques utilisés en sciences médicales

Abstract : This thesis attempts to offer a model for the acquisition of knowledge and skills amongphysicians. The research undertook to explore the role of professional experiences, dailylife, exchanges between peers, and all other forms of so-called « informal » learning inenhancing the professional skills of medical students and physicians. The author laboredunder the following hypothesis: all learning involves both formal and informal aspects,and the informal aspects can be found in cooperative, experiential and reflexive typepedagogical constructs. Finally, « informal » and « non-formal » learning opportunitiescertainly play a role in the acquisition of knowledge and skills among health care professionals.Three teaching mechanisms frequently used during the 3rd cycle of initial medical trainingas well as in medical continuing education programs were made available to medicalstudents and physicians working in ambulatory setting. These tools, which encourageparticipants to marshal their own experiences, to reflect thoughtfully and to cooperatewith each other, can improve the skills of medical students and physicians.Each of the three teaching mechanisms studied herein, factoring in individual backgroundsand proficiencies, contain both formal and informal knowledge and skills which,as a whole, contributed to the transformation of the participants. However, it is importantto note that the distinction between formal and informal learning is primarily theoretical,and may simply depend on context or location. Therefore, rather than opposethem, it may be more appropriate to consider that these types of learning lie on a continuum.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, April 20, 2016 - 12:12:43 PM
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Max Budowski. Apprentissage coopératif et formation des médecins : entre le “formel” et “l’informel”. Expérimentation de trois dispositifs pédagogiques utilisés en sciences médicales. Education. Université Paris-Est, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PESC0015⟩. ⟨tel-01304768⟩

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