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Conception pour la fabrication additive, application à la technologie EBM

Benjamin Vayre 1 
1 G-SCOP_CPP - Conception Produit Process
G-SCOP - Laboratoire des sciences pour la conception, l'optimisation et la production
Abstract : Nowadays, the use of Additive Manufacturing processes keeps growing in the industry. Among the numerous kinds of AM processes, metallic additive manufacturing processes, and metallic Additive Layer Manufacturing in particular, are the most interesting from a mechanical designer point of view. Several research studies have been conducted on the topic of Design For Additive Manufacturing, mostly discussing the choice of AM processes or presenting the redesign of parts. There is no specific design methodology for ALM processes that takes their specificities into account.During this PhD thesis, the changes that ALM processes bring to the design space were investigated. The designer has the opportunity to easily manufacture thin parts, complex parts, lattice structures or mechanisms that don't need any assembly. These processes also have specific manufacturing constraints compared to conventional processes. The heat dissipation is the most important factor since it can cause distortions and porosities. Powder removal, surface and geometrical quality also need to be considered during design. A specific design for additive manufacturing methodology is necessary to take these changes into account.This work focuses on the Electron Beam Manufacturing process. Experiments were conducted and analyzed to assess the manufacturability regarding the thermal phenomena (during melting), the powder removal and the quality of the parts produced by EBM. The impact of the part geometry on manufacturing duration and manufacturing cost was also established.In order to use allow designers to use these pieces of information, we suggested a designing methodology. From the requirements of the parts, one or several parts are generated by the designer or by using topological optimization tools. The orientation of the part inside the manufacturing space is set before designing a refined parametric geometry. This parametric geometry is optimized in order to meet the user requirements as well as the EBM requirements. The last step is the modification of the geometry to comply with the finishing operations (machining allowances for example) and the placement of supports, if needed. This methodology was illustrated with the redesign of two example parts and showed important mass savings from the parts (while meeting user and process requirements).The prospects discovered and highlighted during this work, some of which were preliminary investigated, are presented in a specific chapter.
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Benjamin Vayre. Conception pour la fabrication additive, application à la technologie EBM. Génie des procédés. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENI096⟩. ⟨tel-01304269⟩

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