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Processus identitaires personnels et professionnels et trajectoire migratoire chez des médecins diplômés à l’étranger : une étude exploratoire en France et au Brésil

Abstract : This research aims at investigating the changes that occur within the identity processes of physicians with a foreign diploma working in France and Brazil. Our work is based on a dynamic and adaptive approach of personal identity, specifically through the concept of dialogical self but also through the narrative identity approach. Since we also focus importantly on what happens in the professional environment, we also used theories related to professional identity and its relations with recognition. Finally, since the intercultural question is central in this research, we have chosen to include the intercultural identity theory and the concept of interculturation. This research aims at identifying and understanding the identity processes presented by medical doctors confronted to a changing cultural and professional context. We specifically intend to understand the psychological processes which allow the subject to give a meaning to his experience and make it his to start a transformation of his identity. We also focus on the obstacles the subject has to deal with, in particular regarding recognition. Finally, we intend to show the processes of mutual influence occurring between cultural belonging and professional context. We have crossed four methods to build and analyze our data. At first, we have used a questionnaire to characterized our population from a socio- demographic point of view and reunite all the factors which explain their migration. Then, we have conducted eight biographical interviews to encourage the subject to build a self-narrative. In the last phase of the interview, the have subjects have been shown four short videos from three documentaries to confront them to different points of view and situations and have them reflect on their own experience. We also included a documentary analysis using press articles regarding the Brazilian context. We obtained 89 answers to the questionnaire, 43 in France and 46 in Brazil. We conducted 8 narrative interviews, with physicians aged between 36 and 71, 3 women and 5 men, among which 2 had a European Union diploma and 6 had a diploma from outside the UE. Our analysis has shown that the validation of the diploma has a great impact on each individual’s recognition and identity related processes. This recognition aspects are also mediated by factors such as gender, language and cultural through dialogical relationships involving the subject.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 1, 2016 - 6:49:14 PM
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  • HAL Id : tel-01297004, version 1


Marie Baraud. Processus identitaires personnels et professionnels et trajectoire migratoire chez des médecins diplômés à l’étranger : une étude exploratoire en France et au Brésil. Psychologie. Université Lumière Lyon 2; Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte, 2016. Français. ⟨tel-01297004⟩



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