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Surf zone boundary layer and 2D large scale hydrodynamics

Abstract : This work is about the hydrodynamic processes in the nearshorezone. They are of great importance to estimate the overall dynamicsof the coastal zone. This thesis is divided into two main parts; thefirst one investigates the coastal bottom boundary layer induced bythe interaction of the waves and the bottom when approaching thecoast; the second one is about the evolution of the mean circulationand vorticity induced by an inhomogeneity in the bathymetry orthe wave forcing. A turbulent boundary layer numerical model hasbeen developed and used to simulate the evolution of the oscillatingboundary layers under non-linear waves, of a flume experiment at theLaboratoire des Ecoulements Géophysiques et Industriels (LEGI) inGrenoble, France. The experimental instantaneous velocity profilesand still bed positions, allow defining the non-linear velocity distributionsinduced by the waves within the boundary layer. The numericalmodel coupled with a ad-hoc modeling of the mobile bed motionis able to reproduce the vertical distribution of the non-linearities,and also indicates that the vertical diffusion observed experimentallyis mainly caused by the mobile bed motion induced by the passingwaves. A 2D depth-averaged nonlinear shallow water numericalmodel is used to study the circulation and vorticity in the nearshorezone. This model is validated on a mobile bed experiment in thewave basin of the Laboratoire Hydraulique de France (ARTELIA).The formation of rip currents is forced by a damped wave forcing inthe middle of the wave basin. The numerical model is validated withfree surface and velocity measurements, and by the circulation andvorticity. Using the potential vorticity balance as a diagnosis tooland with a monochromatic wave forcing, an equilibrium between thevorticity generation and advection is observed in the nearshore zone.
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Léandro Suarez Atias. Surf zone boundary layer and 2D large scale hydrodynamics. Fluids mechanics [physics.class-ph]. Université de Grenoble; Pontificia universidad católica de Chile (Santiago de Chile), 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENI033⟩. ⟨tel-01296555⟩

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