Empirical reconstruction of the solar ultraviolet spectrum

Abstract : The spectrally-resolved radiative output of the Sun (SSI) in the UV band, i.e. at wavelengths below 300 nm, is a key quantity for specifying the state of the middle and upper terrestrial atmosphere. This quantity is required in numerous space weather applications, and also for climate studies. Unfortunately, SSI observations suffer from several problems : they have numerous spectral and temporal gaps, instruments are prone to degradation and often disagree, etc. This has stimulated the development of various types of SSI models. Proxy-based models suffer from lack of the physical interpretation and are as good as the proxies are. Semi-empirical models do not perform well below 300 nm, where the local thermodynamic equilibrium approximation does not hold anymore. We have developed an empirical model, which assumes that variations in the SSI are driven by solar surface magnetic flux. This model proceeds by segmenting solar magnetograms into different structures. In contrast to existing models, these features are classified by their area (and not their intensity), and their spectral signatures are derived from the observations (and not from models). The quality of the reconstruction is comparable to that of other models. More importantly, we find that two classes only of solar features are required to properly reproduce the spectral variability. Furthermore, we find that a coarse radial resolution suffices to account for geometrical line-of-sight effects. Finally, we show how the performance of the model on different time-scales is related to the optical thickness of the emission lines.
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Anatoliy Vuiets. Empirical reconstruction of the solar ultraviolet spectrum. Other. Université d'Orléans, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015ORLE2015⟩. ⟨tel-01296475⟩

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