Plasticité synaptique corticostriatale à long terme chez de nouveaux modèles murins de Trisomie 21, Ms4Yah et Ts3Yah

Abstract : Trisomy 21 or Down syndrome is due to a third copy of human chromosome 21 (Hsa21) in the genome, this leads to a global genetic overexpression which results on multiple behavioral phenotypes. This pathology is the first and most common cause of mental retardation. Our study aims to understand whether an aneuploidy of a non-studied genetic interval, included in Hsa21, causes changes in processes mediating intellectual abilities. This interval, between Ctsb and Prmt2, is located on murine chromosome 10 (MMU10) within an homologous portion of the Hsa21 telomeric part. Thus, new mouse models have been engineered, Ms4Yah is monosomic and Ts3Yah trisomic for Cstb-Prmt2 interval. Hence, the aim of this project is to characterized aneuploidy consequences on neuronal functions which lead to information encoding, named long term synaptic plasticity. We have recorded this phenomenon within cortex-striatum neuronal connexion, which is involved in mnemonic processes, using whole-cell patch-clamp electrophysiological technique. Records were made in vitro on mouse horizontal brain slice. We characterized METMs electrophysiological properties. Then, glutamatergic corticostriatal long term synaptic plasticity was studied with specific stimulation protocols applied on the cortex. High and low frequency conditioning protocols were used. We observed that aneuploidy of the models influenced corticostriatal long term synaptic plasticity setting which is different according to the genetic dosage. Ms4Yah showed LTD after HFS protocol like Ts3Yah. But when SBF was applied, Ms4Yah shows a short term plasticity form, conversely Ts3Yah shows anew a LTD. The studied interval may play here a role in phenotype of Trisomy 21. Some of the genes comprised in the Ctsb-Prmt2 interval seemed to be good candidates to explain observed phenotypes, namely S100b, Pcbp3 and Trmp2.
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Laetitia Domingos Perbet. Plasticité synaptique corticostriatale à long terme chez de nouveaux modèles murins de Trisomie 21, Ms4Yah et Ts3Yah. Sciences agricoles. Université d'Orléans, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014ORLE2074⟩. ⟨tel-01296434⟩

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