La trame contingente : stylistique du possible aux origines du roman en vers (XIIe siècle)

Abstract : This study is based on the hypothesis that possibility is an essential criterion of medieval romance. So, the corpus contains romances or works which can be considered as precursors of romance : Wace’s chronicles, the « romans antiques », tristanian romances et Chrétien de Troyes’s romances. These works had been studied in two directions. The first part of the study relies on linguistic analysis in order to identify, for three linguistic facts (future, future II and conditionnals) a semantic root and, mostly, the different significations it can have. Stylistic phenomena had been identified by doing so : first, author can have a specific way to use these forms (idiolectal facts) ; then, theses forms have marked uses which can, contextually, be considered as expressive. The second part of the study is a literary analysis, in order to see how linguistic forms are used in works. By considering brief and prominent segments (formulas and narratorial interventions), it had been possible to identify facts which differentiate each author’s works, but also facts which are specific to romance. By studying possibility at a larger scale, defined as confrontation to contingent future, generic specificities had been identified. Firstly, romance expresses systematically the motivation of the action : possibility is used to express a will, a plan, an initial verbalisation preceding the realisation of the action ; so, romance writing seems to insist on the personal implication in the accomplishment of the act. Then, from a chronological point of view, a process is at work. Indeed, all form of predestination or fatality is gradually erased in the texts ; human freedom is now the focus. This focalisation is made in two ways ; the first is the description of the hero’s will as problematic ; the second is the development of uncertainty : possibility is linked to the incapacity to apprehend completely reality.
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Yannick Mosset. La trame contingente : stylistique du possible aux origines du roman en vers (XIIe siècle). Littératures. Université Michel de Montaigne - Bordeaux III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BOR30062⟩. ⟨tel-01295300⟩

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