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Rôle du facteur de terminaison de la traduction eRF3 (eukaryotic Release Factor 3) dans la stabilité des ARN messagers

Abstract : The mRNA deadenylation involves the deadenylation complexes PAN2-PAN3 and CCR4-NOT-TOB and the translation termination complex eRF1-eRF3. All three proteins, eRF3, PAN3 and TOB, interact with the PABP protein. However, the role of eRF3 is still unclear. It has been reported that eRF3, TOB and PAN3 compete for the binding to PABP. Recently, it has been suggested that eRF3 may regulate mRNA deadenylation in a translation termination-coupled manner. In human, the gene eRF3/GSPT1, contains a trinucleotide GGC repeat in its 5’ end which lead to 5 allelic forms of the gene. There are five known alleles of this gene (7, 9, 10, 11 and 12-GGC). A strong correlation between the longest allele (12-GGC) and gastric and breast cancer development has been reported. Our project was (i) to improve our understanding on the role of eRF3 in the coupling of mRNA deadenylation with translation termination, (ii) to understand whether the GGC repeat polymorphism of eRF3 influences eRF3-PABP interaction. The kinetic measurements of eRF3-PABP interaction obtained by Surface Plasmon Resonance (SPR) show that the affinity of the allelic 12-GGC form is 10 fold lower than that of eRF3a (10-GGC). This decrease is mostly due to difference in the association rate of the complex. The weaker affinity of the 12-GGC allelic form may result in a deregulation of deadenylation, at least for some mRNAs, and thus, could promote cell proliferation and carcinogenesis. In fine, we show that the N-terminal region of eRF3 containing the glycine expansion plays a key role in the eRF3-PABP interaction, in the deadenylation process, and hence, in mRNA stability.
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Soumaya Jerbi Chaabnia. Rôle du facteur de terminaison de la traduction eRF3 (eukaryotic Release Factor 3) dans la stabilité des ARN messagers. Biochimie, Biologie Moléculaire. Université Pierre et Marie Curie - Paris VI, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015PA066391⟩. ⟨tel-01292920⟩

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