Ordenamento territorial e planejamento municipal : estudo de caso das limitações supralocais à aplicação do Art. 30, VIII da constituição de 1988 pelo município de Parauapebas, Pará

Abstract : It aims to verify how municipalities can apply the Brazilian Legal System’s laws of territorial impact in a hierarchic, integrated and coordinated way to its planning. The scope of this analysis is limited to the Municipality of Parauapebas, in the State of Pará. This municipality fournishes a general overview of the existing legal problems in terms of land use in the Brazilian Amazon. It uses the empirical method and the case study technique. The result os this research is divided in four section. At first, it is analysed the exploitation and development projets in Amazonia since the colonial times, in order to demonstrate the changes operated in the legal system to enable the intervention of the State in the use of the territoiry. In the second part it is analysed the constitutional dispositions regarding the land use, urbanism, agrarian activities, mining and environment in order to identify the legal requirements to be followed by local planners. In the second section it is also analysed federal and State laws that influence the local planning, as well as supralocal instruments of territorial planning. In the third it is verified if the Parauapebas planning meets the supralocal legal requirements analysed in the previous sections. In the last section, it is analysed the European and French land use regulations are applied to the French Guiana in order to understand how the particularities of the Amazon region are regulated, but without the scope to compare the Brazilian and French systems. This analysis led to the conclusion that the Brazilian Legal System limits its land use regulation to the use regionalized planning instruments and sectorial polities of territorial impact, with few differentiations for the Amazon region, but there are not instruments to coordinate the effects of these policies ate the national and regional level. The municipality is the only level of the Federation legally bound to create a land use planning law. The local autonomy is conformed by supralocal laws and policies. The local land use planning and the exercice of the municipal police power are extensible to the whole territory, but they have different effects over it according to the existing land tenure.
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Luly Rodrigues da Cunha Fischer. Ordenamento territorial e planejamento municipal : estudo de caso das limitações supralocais à aplicação do Art. 30, VIII da constituição de 1988 pelo município de Parauapebas, Pará. Law. Université Paris-Nord - Paris XIII, 2014. Portuguese. ⟨NNT : 2014PA131042⟩. ⟨tel-01292168⟩

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