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beta-bcc and amorphous Ti-based biocompatible alloys for human body implants

Abstract : The Ti-based biocompatible human body implants of low Young's modulus and without toxic elements are developed in two regime of materials, crystalline Ti-Nb(-Sn) based alloys and amorphous Ti-Fe-Si based alloys. A series of Ti-Nb(-Sn) alloys were synthesized by copper mould suction casting and subjected to different heat treatments (furnace cooling or water quenching). The microstructure, thermal and mechanical properties of the as-cast and heat treated samples were investigated. It is shown that the addition of Sn increases the stability of the β phase. The Young's moduli of these alloys were also measured by ultrasonic measurements. Water-quenched Ti74Nb26 alloy was found to exhibits the lowest Young's modulus. Sn addition has little impact on the Young's moduli of the TiNb alloys. The Ti-Fe-Si based amorphous alloys were synthesized by melt spinning. The glass forming ability, thermal properties and corrosion properties of Ti-Fe-Si based alloys were investigated. The glassy compositions were designed according to the deep eutectic rule. It was found that the region near ternary eutectic point (Ti65Fe30Si5) is an icosahedral quasicrystal forming region, whereas the steeper side (Si rich side) of this ternary eutectic point is the glass forming region. Effect of minor elemental addition (Ge, Pd, Zr) on glass forming ability of the Ti-Fe-Si based alloys was also studied. The in situ observation of amorphization of Ti40Zr10Cu34Pd14Sn2 glassy alloy in synchrotron beam was conducted. The alloy was successfully vitrified in an aerodynamic levitation apparatus.
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Yaofeng Guo. beta-bcc and amorphous Ti-based biocompatible alloys for human body implants. Materials. Université de Grenoble, 2014. English. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENI017⟩. ⟨tel-01290049⟩

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