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Synthèse d'électrodes carbonées pour la détection électrochimique et insertion dans un système microfluidique

Abstract : This thesis work is aimed at preparing novel carbon based microelectrodes, revealing adequate electrochemical characteristics for the realization of microfluidic devices which could apply for the detection of biological pollutants in aqueous environment. This work describes the realization of carbon based electrodes made of grahene, pyrolyzed photoresist films, and diamond on silicon carbide, allowing their structuration and integration in a process formed by multiple technological steps. The elaboration of these elements implies the use of technics used in microelectronics. Processes of patterning such as lithography and dry etching, but also deposition technics or even thermal treatments were used. This thesis also shows the elaboration of carbon microfibers and polydiméthylsiloxane (PDMS) based composite electrodes for the realization of simple and cheap microfluidic devices for electrochemical analysis in continuous flow. The electrochemical properties (kinetics, active surface, reversibility, potential range…) but also physical properties (rugosity, electrical resistivity…) of these materials have been determined. The main aim of the characterizations work has been to determine the optimal synthesis conditions leading to viable materials for electrochemical and bioelectrochemical applications. The performances of these electrodes for electrochemical detection of species in solution were investigated on classical redox molecules used in literature for comparison. The biocompatibility of these electrodes was also verified through the realization of enzymatic biosensors for the detection of acétylthiocholine. The activity of the enzyme acetylcholinesterase’s (AChE), deposited on the surface of our different carbon materials, was kept and permitted the use of these modified electrodes as transducers for acetylthiocholine detection.
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Julien Pézard. Synthèse d'électrodes carbonées pour la détection électrochimique et insertion dans un système microfluidique. Autre. Ecole Centrale de Lyon, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ECDL0048⟩. ⟨tel-01289080⟩

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