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Theses

Hétérostructures supraconductrices et isolants topologiques

Abstract : The thesis is focused on the theoretical study of the electronic properties at the surface of the transition metal oxide STO. This material is the cornerstone of oxide electronics, an emerging research area that has the goal of investigating transition metal oxides as post-silicon candidates for a future emerging new electronics. STO is in itself an astounding system; in its purest chemical composition is a good ban-insulator with a wide bandgap. Nevertheless, upon doing it with tiny amounts of other elements it transforms itself in a metal with high electron mobility. Even more remarkably, at the lowest temperatures, typically below 300mK, it goes superconductor. And adding to these properties, strain induces also ferroelectricity in this material. Over the last years, STO has also grabbed attention because of its ability of hosting two-dimensional electron gas (2DEGs) when it is interfaced with some polar oxides. Such 2DEGs exhibit fascinating properties, the most conspicuous is the coexistence of magnetism and superconductivity.The surface of STO can host 2DEGs too, without need of interfacing it to other materials; in this case the electrons participating in transport are generated by oxygen vacancies created at the surface. This is remarkable observation, as it affords a simpler structure where the 2DEGs properties can be studied. In spite of the accumulated knowledge, still a better fundamental comprehension is required of the electronic structure of the quantum wells at the surfaces oriented along the 111 direction, for which the perovskite structure is reminiscent of the celebrated honeycomb-like structure of graphene. Contrary to the latter, in which electrons are in s- and p- states, 111 quantum wells in STO would host electrons in d-bands. Higher electronic correlations are then expected, that may bring new fascinating physics.The outline of this Thesis has two main branches: first, it studies the 111-oriented STO bilayer, formed by just two unit cells; secondly it analyzes the quantum wells generated by Oxygen vacancies at the 111-surface of STO. Both subjects are approached using tight-binding models in which the Hamiltonian incorporates different terms related to on-site energies, hopping interactions or spin-orbit coupling. From these calculations, I have carried out an exhaustive analysis of the orbital character and parity properties of valence and conduction bands, as well as edge states in the 111 bilayer. Tight-binding calculations have also shed light on the orbital character, space location and extension and energy of electronic states generated by oxygen vacancies at the 001 surface of STO.
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Oliver Hijano Cubelos. Hétérostructures supraconductrices et isolants topologiques. Matière Condensée [cond-mat]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLS247⟩. ⟨tel-01288200⟩

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