Caractérisation multi-échelle du comportement thermo hybride des enveloppes hygroscopiques

Abstract : In front of the building energy issues and environmental impact bound, it appears that the hygroscopic envelopes are a promising track in terms of improving of the thermal comfort, indoor air quality, energy consumption and indoor humidity regulation. Today, we lack reference values of the transient hygrothermal behavior of this envelope type. The physics of moisture transfer in hygroscopic materials (capable to fixing moisture) is complex and makes it difficult modeling of coupled heat and mass transfers. Experimental and numerical approaches of hygrothermal behavior in hygroscopic envelops was therefore conducted with a multi-scale visions. Thus, monitoring of four habited houses was the characterization focus at the first scale. The study on the material scale allowed to characterize the properties related to the heat and mass transfer. The hygrothermal coupling has been the subject of a specific study at a wall scale. Finite differences and finite elements implementations have resulted in a detailed analysis of transfers across cell-test with a reduction work of order required to limit the calculation time. Emphasis is placed on the effects of moisture brought in indoor environments in order to validate a digital tool developed in this work. The selected hygroscopic envelopes are composed of biosourced materials such as massive wood, wood concrete, earth and straw. Envelopes of travertine and plasterboard are also studied.
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Dalel Medjelekh. Caractérisation multi-échelle du comportement thermo hybride des enveloppes hygroscopiques. Matériaux. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0112⟩. ⟨tel-01286901⟩

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