Kähler-Einstein metrics on group compactifications

Abstract : The main result of this work is a necessary and sufficient condition for the existence of a Kähler-Einstein metric on a smooth and Fano bi-equivariant compactification of a complex connected reductive group. Examples of such varieties include wonderful compactifications of adjoint semisimple groups.The tools needed to study the existence of Kähler-Einstein metrics on these varieties are developed in the first part of the work, including a computation of the complex Hessian of a $Ktimes K$-invariant function on the complexification of a compact group $K$. Another step is to associate to any non-negatively curved invariant hermitian metric on an ample linearized line bundle on a group compactification a convex function with prescribed asymptotic behavior. This is used a first time to derive a formula for the alpha invariantof an ample line bundle on a Fano group compactification. This formula is obtained through the computation of the log canonical thresholds of any non-negatively curved invariant hermitian metric, and gives the sameresult, for toric manifolds, as the one we obtained before, in an article that is included in this thesis as an appendix.Then we prove the main result by obtaining $C^0$ estimates along the continuity method, using the tools developed to reduce to a real Monge-Ampère equation on a cone. The condition obtained is that the barycenter of the polytope associated to the group compactification, with respect to the Duistermaat-Heckman measure, lies in a certain zone in the polytope. This condition can be checked on examples, gives new examples of Fano Kähler-Einstein manifolds, and also gives an example that admits no Kähler-Ricci solitons. We also compute the greatest Ricci lower bound when there are no Kähler-Einstein metrics.
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Thibaut Delcroix. Kähler-Einstein metrics on group compactifications. Algebraic Geometry [math.AG]. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAM046⟩. ⟨tel-01286292⟩



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