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Faire avec les ordres documentaires : pratiques info-documentaires, culture écrite et travail scolaire chez des collégiens

Abstract : This thesis aims to understand how the "digital" interrogates both the processes of legitimization and delegitimization of informationnal practices and how these processes are embedded in objects, places and devices. This work takes place within the school institution which transmits implicitly or explicitly, common standards for "good practices" of production, circulation and reception of texts, documents and knowledge. This is an ethno-semiotic study within the class and the library school’s spaces in two medium schools to observe and analyze the ways to search, read, operate, circulate and produce documents. The digital unveils the need to understand the practices and skills to qualify the information beyond canonical methods forged by mediators (citing sources, respect copyright, do not copy and paste etc.), and beyond signs of value inherited from the model of the bibliography and their fetishization in reference (publisher, author, cataloging record etc.). This thesis is based on an anthropological approach of information literacy and of digital as a social phenomenon that redefines geographies and temporalities of texts, knowledge and their documents. This approach allows to renew questions about the concept of document value. This research demonstrates the entrenchment of practices, objects and values at work in the communicational processes of knowledge sharing. Understanding today resistances of pupils to follow the rules of a « good research » requires a political theory of the economy of the document to the digital age and an anthropological approach of the common practices of texts and documents, one is feeding the other.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 10, 2016 - 9:55:54 AM
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Béatrice Micheau. Faire avec les ordres documentaires : pratiques info-documentaires, culture écrite et travail scolaire chez des collégiens. Sociologie. Université Charles de Gaulle - Lille III, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIL30039⟩. ⟨tel-01285953⟩



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