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Plasticité d’alliages nanorenforcés pour le gainage combustible des réacteurs de 4ème génération : compréhension et modélisation de l’influence des différents paramètres microstructuraux sur le comportement d’alliages modèles

Mickaël Dade 1
1 LA2M - Laboratoire d'Analyse Microstructurale des Matériaux
SRMA - Service des Recherches Métallurgiques Appliquées : DEN/DMN/SRMA
Abstract : Oxide dispersion strengthened (ODS) ferritic steels are known for their good resistance both to high temperature creep and to swelling under irradiation. They are considered as potential materials for fuel cladding for the next generation of nuclear reactors (Sodium-cooled Fast Reactor). These materials, usually processed by hot extrusion, exhibit a complex microstructure (crystallographic and grain texture, nanometer precipitation, high dislocation density, poly-dispersed grain size), making it a real challenge to establish the microstructure / properties relationships. This thesis has aimed at characterizing and modeling the effect of the different components of the microstructure on the mechanical properties of ferritic Fe-14Cr ODS steels, as well as to improve the understanding of their deformation mechanisms. For this purpose, model materials have been elaborated by hot isostatic pressing and characterized, where the different microstructural parameters have been varied in a controlled manner. Their microstructure have been determined using a set of advanced characterization techniques (SEM-EBSD, TEM, SAXS, EPMA, …). These different materials have been tensile tested over a wide temperature range and creep tested at 650 and 700°C. The results have evidenced the effect of the size and fraction of oxide particles, of the grain size and of the presence of Ti, and have made it possible to model the mechanical behavior. In-situ tensile tests in the SEM, as well as strain field measurements during high temperature testing, have evidenced a transition between a jerky movement of dislocations at low temperature and the high temperature mechanisms, whether intra-granular (dynamic strain ageing, continuous dislocation movement) or inter-granular. At high temperature, severe damage is observed at the grain boundaries.
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Mickaël Dade. Plasticité d’alliages nanorenforcés pour le gainage combustible des réacteurs de 4ème génération : compréhension et modélisation de l’influence des différents paramètres microstructuraux sur le comportement d’alliages modèles. Matériaux. Université Grenoble Alpes, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015GREAI102⟩. ⟨tel-01285682⟩

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