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Modélisation et étude numérique de la fissuration lente des céramiques : influence de la microstructure et de l'environnement. Application aux céramiques élaborées par projection plasma

Abstract : Ceramic materials are prone to slow crack growth (SCG)due to the combined effect of the mechanical loading and the environment (moisture and temperature).Based on atomistic studies available in the literature,a thermally activated cohesive model is proposed to represent the reaction-rupture mechanism underlying slow crack growth. The description is shown able to capture SCG under static fatigue on ceramic single crystals as well as intergranular SCG in polycrystals.We emphasize that the representation of SCG with the crack velocity versus the energy release rate G accounts for the intrinsic characteristics of SCG, which is preferable than a usual plot with V-K curves.The cohesive model incorporates a characteristic length scale, so that size effects can be investigated. SCG is grain size dependent with the decrease of the crack velocity at a given load level and improvement of the load threshold with the grain size. To capture this observation, account for the initial thermal stresses related to the processing is mandatory. SCG is also dependent on the concentration of water with an increase of the crack velocity and a decrease of the load threshold with the relative humidity increasing. To predict this effect, the cohesive description needs to account for activation energy and a threshold to trigger the reaction-rupture that depends on the concentration of water. The influence of the temperature on SCG shows an increase in the crack velocity and a decrease of the load threshold for SCG due to the reduction in the initial thermal stresses. The SCG behavior of the alumina and zirconia is compared. Zirconia exhibits a better resistance to SCG compared to that of alumina, in the absence of any phase transformation due to lower kinetics of its reaction-rupture. Based on these results, SCG is investigated in plasma sprayed ceramic. An initial damage at the scale of the splats is observed without effect on load threshold G0 for SCG in V-G plots.
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Bassem El Zoghbi. Modélisation et étude numérique de la fissuration lente des céramiques : influence de la microstructure et de l'environnement. Application aux céramiques élaborées par projection plasma. Matériaux. Université de Grenoble, 2014. Français. ⟨NNT : 2014GRENI007⟩. ⟨tel-01281722⟩

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