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Le secours à personne : spatialiser, modéliser, outil d'aide à la décision : méthode d'optimisation de la localisation des moyens de secours à personne dans le cadre de la réalisation de documents de planification : application au département des Alpes-Maritimes

Abstract : In France, emergency rescue for victims is an integral part of the fire brigade missions. This is what we called the secours à personne (SAP). These last years, the number of volunteer firemen is in decline, particularly in the peri-urban and rural areas, which is not without consequence on the coverage of operational resources, especially since these sectors are already experiencing a decline in medical demography. At the same time, the number of SAP type of interventions is increasing. In this context, tensions between supply and demand for SAP tend to increase. One of the solutions envisaged to solve this situation is to optimize the location of existing resources. However, the methods implemented to this, by professionals, don’t prove to be sufficiently integrated, and those developed by researchers, not sufficiently operational. The main objective of this research is to propose an optimization method for localized SAP resources, both integrated and operational.The choice fell on the location-allocation models, because they take into account, overall, the set of parameters that come into play in the location of the emergency, and the consequences chain as location choices can result. The approach consists of three steps. The first is to make a diagnosis of SAP. The second is to select and prepare input data and configure the model. The third is to carry out various great scenarios optimization possible. This approach allowed, on one hand, to highlight the needs and methods of operational optimization tools, and on the other hand, to demonstrate the interest of the location-allocation models as an aid to reflection for optimizing localization of SAP resources.
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Dorian Souliès. Le secours à personne : spatialiser, modéliser, outil d'aide à la décision : méthode d'optimisation de la localisation des moyens de secours à personne dans le cadre de la réalisation de documents de planification : application au département des Alpes-Maritimes. Géographie. Université Nice Sophia Antipolis, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015NICE2034⟩. ⟨tel-01281669⟩

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