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Expérience de Hanbury Brown et Twiss dans un microscope électronique à transmission à balayage : sa physique et ses applications

Abstract : Quantum optics performed at the nanometer scale is an important challenge, especially for quantum emitters characterization. They can be point defects in material (few ang- ströms) or confined structures of a few nanometers. A way to reach this scale is by using cathodoluminescence (CL) performed in a scanning transmission electron microscope (CL- STEM), which has only recently been done [1]. However, when aiming at studying the statistical properties of the light coming out of a CL experiment, which is necessary to e. g. study the quantum nature of Single Photon Emitters (SPE) emission, dedicated expe- riments on top of regular CL ones have to be designed. Few months before my arrival in the STEM-group of the LPS, an intensity interferometry experiment (HBT) that measures the autocorrelation function g(2) of the CL signal intensity was built [2]. It is well known that the clear signature of SPE as measured in photoluminescence (PL) is antibunching in the g(2)(τ), namely that the autocorrelation function is always less than one. It was re- cently demonstrated on a famous SPE, the Nitrogen vacancy (NV) defect in diamond, that CL-STEM is similar to PL when only one SPE is involved. In this thesis we will see how CL-STEM allowed to characterize a new point defect in h-BN, showing the relevance of HBT experiments in a CL-STEM for discovering and characterizing new SPE. However, by studying the excitation of multiple SPE in CL, we discovered a new emission phenomenon, characterized by a huge bunching effect of the g(2)(τ) function (g(2)(0) > 35), in complete contradiction to PL measurements and expectations (g(2)(0)<1). In my thesis manuscript, this surprising effect will be experimentally investigated, theoretically explained and applied to lifetime measurement at the nanometer scale. Because quantum optics is often linked to quantum plasmonics, I will present, to conclude, a theoretical proposal, in collaboration with J. Garcia de Abajo, about quantum plasmonics measurement in a STEM.
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  • HAL Id : tel-01281402, version 1

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Sophie Meuret. Expérience de Hanbury Brown et Twiss dans un microscope électronique à transmission à balayage : sa physique et ses applications. Materials Science [cond-mat.mtrl-sci]. Université Paris Saclay (COmUE), 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLS112⟩. ⟨tel-01281402⟩

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