Mise en oeuvre d'une régulation thermique sur une machine de mesure dimensionnelle de très haute exactitude. Utilisation d'un modèle d'ordre faible en boucle fermée

Abstract : This thesis describes the modelling and real-time regulation of the temperature inside an apparatus developed to validate the design principles of a cylindricity measurement machine at the Laboratoire Commun de Métrologie du Laboratoire national de métrologie et d’essais – Conservatoire national des arts et métiers. To study the effect of internal and external perturbations on the behaviour of the system, the apparatus is equipped with 19 platinum resistance thermometers calibrated with respect to the national standard. The effect of perturbations on the behaviour of capacitive displacement sensors has also been studied. The effect of internal perturbations generated by the mechanical guide rails was simulated using three film resistive heaters. Finite element modeling of the system temperature was carried out and the numerical results compared with experiment. The offsets about 0.1°C are too large for the model to be used for real-time temperature control. Subsequently, a reduced model wasdeveloped based on experimental data using the modal identification method (MIM). The residual obtained when its results are compared with experiment is 0.003°C. Finally, a temperature servo implemented using predictive control combined with a Kalman filter.
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Kamélia Bouderbala. Mise en oeuvre d'une régulation thermique sur une machine de mesure dimensionnelle de très haute exactitude. Utilisation d'un modèle d'ordre faible en boucle fermée. Autre. ISAE-ENSMA Ecole Nationale Supérieure de Mécanique et d'Aérotechique - Poitiers, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015ESMA0017⟩. ⟨tel-01281388⟩

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