Il nous faut une barrière ! : sociologie politique des mobilisations pro-barrière en Israël et en Arizona (Etats-Unis)

Abstract : Beyond controlling mobility of undesirables, the function of the building up of “fences” on territorialboundaries is also to reassure fenced-in citizens. By analyzing the cases of Israel and the USA, thepresent dissertation investigates how the fenced territory becomes the place of a public performanceaimed to reassure Israeli and US citizens. The starting point of the demonstration is that such defensepolicies nourish social mobilizations (in Israel from 2001 in favor of a “security fence” in the WestBank; in Arizona from 2010 in favor of a “border fence” with Mexico). I rely on analyses ofrepresentations, actions and security practices of such mobilizations to investigate national andgeopolitical specificities. Beyond these specificities, I compare three analogous political operations bypro-fence movements in their political systems. First, they construct situations of mobility andpresence of undesirables as problematic. Second, they securitize these situations as a security issuescalling for a military response. Finally, they diffuse pro-fence framing by collective and dissentingactions against governments. Thus, they contribute to maintain a consensus over the role of themilitary in the construction and the management of a “public problem” of mobility in these twosocieties.
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Damien Simonneau. Il nous faut une barrière ! : sociologie politique des mobilisations pro-barrière en Israël et en Arizona (Etats-Unis). Science politique. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0451⟩. ⟨tel-01277853⟩

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