IVORA (Image and Computer Vision for Augmented Reality) : Color invariance and correspondences for the definition of a camera/video-projector system

Abstract : Spatial Augmented Reality (SAR) aims at spatially superposing virtual information on real-world objects. Over the last decades, it has gained a lot of success and been used in manifold applications in various domains, such as medicine, prototyping, entertainment etc. However, to obtain projections of a good quality one has to deal with multiple problems, among them the most important are the limited projector output gamut, ambient illumination, color background, and arbitrary geometric surface configurations of the projection scene. These factors result in image distortions which require additional compensation steps.Smart-projections are at the core of PAR applications. Equipped with a projection and acquisitions devices, they control the projection appearance and introduce corrections on the fly to compensate distortions. Although active structured-light techniques have been so far the de-facto method to address such problems, this PhD thesis addresses a relatively new unintrusive content-based approach for geometric compensation of multiple planar surfaces and for object recognition in SAR.Firstly, this thesis investigates the use of color-invariance for feature matching quality enhancement in projection-acquisition scenarios. The performance of most state-of-the art methods are studied along with the proposed local histogram equalization-based descriptor. Secondly, to better address the typical conditions encountered when using a projector-camera system, two datasets of real-world projections were specially prepared for experimental purposes. Through a series of evaluation frameworks, the performance of all considered algorithms is thoroughly analyzed, providing several inferences on that which algorithms are more appropriate in each condition. Thirdly, this PhD work addresses the problem of multiple-surface fitting used to compensate different homography distortions in acquired images. A combination of feature matching and Optical Flow tracking is proposed in order to achieve a more low-weight geometric compensation. Fourthly, an example of new application to object recognition from acquired projections is showed. Finally, a real-time implementation of considered methods on GPU shows prospects for the unintrusive feature matching-based geometric compensation in SAR applications.
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Aleksandr Setkov. IVORA (Image and Computer Vision for Augmented Reality) : Color invariance and correspondences for the definition of a camera/video-projector system. Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition [cs.CV]. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. English. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLS168⟩. ⟨tel-01275877⟩

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