Contributions au traitement radar haute résolution : détection de cibles étendues et optimisation de formes d'onde

Abstract : In the field of airborne radar, one of the current industrial stakes, among others, is the identification of a target, whether airborne, terrestrial or maritime, through the establishment of its range profile. This implies to set up a transmit/receive processing for high resolution modes. In this context, the issues to be addressed include the design and the performance analysis of detectors for extended target models, the design of multi-resolution waveforms and the associated processing, the optimization of waveforms that are robust to clutter, etc. Within this frame, the work of this thesis is twofold. The first part deals with the detection of a so-called "extended" target, i.e. which is characterized by a few main scatterers spread over several range gates not necessarily consecutive. This model is appropriate when the range resolution is thin enough and it is suited for target identification issues. In this context, we study a detection test based on the generalized likelihood test (GLRT) which includes the unknown locations of the scatterers, and when the disturbance is white Gaussian noise. By using ordered statistics, we deduce approximations of the probability of false alarm and the probability of detection. Numerical comparison with existing detectors are also provided. Secondly, we study a waveform based on a pulse train which contains two phase codes: the first one is intrapulse whereas the second one is interpulse. Assuming a point target and Gaussian clutter, we propose to select these codes taking into account several criteria such as the maximization of the probability of detection or the minimization of the sidelobes of the received signal after processing. For a given type of clutter modeled by an autoregressive (AR) process, we address this multi-objective optimization problem using the Pareto fronts. Since the AR modeling makes it possible to consider several types of clutter from a reduced number of parameters, we study the robustness of optimal phase codes to clutter variations.
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Timothée Rouffet. Contributions au traitement radar haute résolution : détection de cibles étendues et optimisation de formes d'onde. Traitement du signal et de l'image [eess.SP]. Université de Bordeaux, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015BORD0295⟩. ⟨tel-01275873⟩

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