Identités, sexualités, écritures dans les autofictions de la diaspora cubaine à New York : Sonia Rivera-Valdés et Jacqueline Herranz-Brooks

Abstract : My work deals with the building of identity through the writing of women writers from the Cuban Diaspora in New York. It focuses on autofictions by Sonia Rivera-Valdés and Jacqueline Herranz-Brooks. These contemporary writers, - who have a knack for defining the lesbian subject through the use of eroticism and desire- also manage to unsettle national, cultural and sexual identities by putting forward characters who develop out of the norm, away from the political, social and sexual system. These writers give a new definition to Cuban identity from an intimate perspective, which is far from the politicized image we know. My literary and socio-historical approach sheds light on the mechanisms of the construction of the identities of these women writers, considering in particular the context of production of their works. The numerous field surveys on the writers and guarantors of the Cuban institution made it possible for me to identify the literary and socio-historical context in which the women writers developed and produced their works. Through their literary careers, Sonia Rivera-Valdés and Jacqueline Herranz-Brooks describe themselves as lesbian writers living in a fragmented geographical space. They succeed in fictionalizing their memories in order to tell their lives. The text is both testimony – a narrative describing a socio-historical situation, being a lesbian in Cuba, the difficult integration of the migrants in New York- and fiction, enabling them to project their ideals. It is therefore in between testimony and reconstruction of the past anchored in the present that the women writers build a fragmented space between Cuba and New-York. Writing, as well as photography for Herranz-Brooks, seen as creation, made it possible for them to give life again to their past experiences so as to build themselves an identity as writers and as lesbian, migrant, Cuban women from the Diaspora.
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Sophie Cabaloue. Identités, sexualités, écritures dans les autofictions de la diaspora cubaine à New York : Sonia Rivera-Valdés et Jacqueline Herranz-Brooks. Littératures. Université de Limoges, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015LIMO0104⟩. ⟨tel-01275526⟩

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