Synthèse de nanoparticules de dioxyde de titane par pyrolyse laser et leur application en photocatalyse

Abstract : Titanium dioxide is the most widely used photocatalyst due to its amazing properties. However, TiO2 is activated by UV radiation which represent about 4-5 % of solar light. One aim of this work is to shift the adsorption of TiO2 to the visible range while maintaining photoactivity under UV. Therefore N-doped and gold modified TiO2 nanoparticles have been synthesized in one step by laser pyrolysis. The materials have been characterized; their photocatalytic activity was evaluated by the degradation of carboxylic acids (C1-C4) under both UV and Visible irradiation. When dealing with the decomposition of formic acid under UV light, all samples exhibit a higher activity compared to commercial P25. Modification with Au increases the reaction rate by enhancing charge separation, while N-doped sample are less efficient due to recombination centers induced by Nitrogen. These results were correlated to the dynamic of electron/hole pairs studied by TRMC (Time Resolved Microwave Conductivity). Moreover, the combination of Au and N showed an efficiency similar to commercial P25 under UV irradiation associated to photoactivity in the visible range. In the case of C2-C4 acids, photocatalytic performances of all photocatalysts are similar to commercial P25 under UV, but very weak under visible light. Degradation mechanisms were investigated by ESR (Electron Spin Resonance).
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Sarah Bouhadoun. Synthèse de nanoparticules de dioxyde de titane par pyrolyse laser et leur application en photocatalyse. Matériaux. Université Paris-Saclay, 2015. Français. ⟨NNT : 2015SACLS003⟩. ⟨tel-01275433⟩

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